Everything you need to know about fibromyalgia


Fibromyalgia is a very common type of chronic pain disorder and there are many people all over the world who suffer from it. This disorder has been described for hundreds of years but only in the 20th Century, its symptoms were confirmed. Of course, there are some medications which can help reduce pain associated with this disorder, so if you want to know more about fibromyalgia, just keep on reading.

What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder associated with pain in the muscles and bones, and because there is not a clear known cause of this disorder, fibromyalgia is often mistaken for other diseases. Nowadays, fibromyalgia is accepted in medical circles but there are a lot of doctors who do not consider fibromyalgia a medical condition. Many years ago, doctors thought that this disorder was just an excuse for people to receive prescription pain medication but in recent times, doctors have started to accept this diagnosis. Fibromyalgia is not a joint disease but a disorder that resembles arthritis. Moreover, fibromyalgia does not cause damage to muscles, bones and other tissues but instead, it is distinguished by widespread muscle pain. Also, people who suffer from rheumatic diseases such as osteoarthritis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome or ankylosing spondylitis, are more likely to develop fibromyalgia. Usually, this disorder is misunderstood and there are many people whose symptoms are confused with symptoms that are normally linked to another disease. It is said that a person can get a diagnosis of fibromyalgia after 5 years of medical tests and the symptoms are easy to recognize at people in their early 30s.

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is associated with a lot of pain caused by trigger points, also called tender points. Thus, people with this disorder usually experience:

  • Anxiety;
  • Depression;
  • Fatigue;
  • Headaches;
  • Inability to focus;
  • Trouble sleeping;
  • Difficulty paying attention;
  • Pain aching in the lower abdomen;
  • Irritable bladder or bowel;
  • Noise and temperature sensitivity;
  • Restless leg syndrome;
  • Memory problems.

Of course, there are chances that people with fibromyalgia may not experience all the symptoms above but most of the people will do. Moreover, the trigger points of fibromyalgia are the knees, hips, outer elbows, tops of shoulders, back of the head, and finally, the upper chest.

Which medications can help treat fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia cannot be treated completely but people who suffer from this disorder can take medications in order to manage pain and improve their quality of life. So the most common medications used for fibromyalgia are pain relievers, antidepressants and antiseizure drugs. Among the tree of these medications, it is said that vaporizing cannabis is a true relief for people with fibromyalgia because it enters the bloodstream and alleviates some of the symptoms. Ibuprofen (Advil), acetaminophen (Tylenol) and tramadol (Ultram) are some of the pain relievers that doctors prescribe for fibromyalgia and duloxetine (Cymbalta) or milnacipran (Savella) are the antidepressants used to help cope with depression.

Besides medications, are there any natural treatments for fibromyalgia?

People who take medications can also do some lifestyle changes in order to reduce the pain and lower the stress of fibromyalgia. Natural treatments for this disorder include massage therapy, yoga, meditation, physical therapy, regular exercise, acupuncture, a healthy diet, and finally, getting enough sleep.