Depression Warning Signs and Treatment

Unemployment, stress, family conflicts, lack of exercise and an improper diet can increase the risk of depression. Moreover, analgesics, anti-inflammatories, antibacterials and antimycotics can induce depressive states. Other possible causes in women are menopausal and premenstrual syndrome following recent birth. The triggers of this condition among young people include besides nervousness and low self-esteem an increasingly less time spent with parents. Due to the fact that this condition has numerous possible causes, it also calls for a wide range of treatments, from counseling to somatic psychology and more. It is assumed that only a small fraction of those suffering from this disorder are fully aware of this disease and undergo proper treatment. It is essential to recognize the warning signs of this illness from an early stage, before it becomes chronic and can pose a serious risk to the patient’s well being.

Causes

The causes of this disorder have not been fully elucidated. Current research and clinics require a bio-psycho-social model in which the installment of this condition contributes to both biochemical disturbances in the brain and psychological causes (fragile personalities) or social causes (daily stress, negative life events, hostility , etc.). In almost a quarter of the cases, the first depressive episode occurs as a reaction to a negative life event. Subsequently, however, the episodes can be repeated without any apparent cause.
Some drugs, may also induce a depressive phenomena: antihypertensives, oral contraceptives and hormones, stimulants, analgesics, anti-inflammatories, antibacterials and antimycotics.
Among general medical conditions that may favor the development of this condition, the most common are neurological conditions (cerebrovascular disease, epilepsy), endocrine disorders (thyroid disorders and other endocrine glands), infectious diseases (HIV, mononucleosis, viral and bacterial pneumonia , tuberculosis), and inflammatory diseases.
For women, menopause, premenstrual syndrome and recent birth are more possible causes of depression. The risk is higher in people with a history of affective disorder or a family history of psychiatric disorders, alcohol consumption or psychoactive substances. Almost a quarter of young adults encounter a major depressive episode by the age of 24 years.

The many faces of depression

The most common manifestations of  this condition are feelings of helplessness and loss of interest in daily activities. Those suffering from this illness feel tired all the time. Most often, regular fatigue is the problem that determines someone to seek medical help. Once depression is triggered, you deal with concentration problems, confidence disappears and you start to have a pessimistic view about the future. In addition, insomnia and a decreased appetite sometimes reaching to a significant weight loss can occur. In the most severe cases, it can cause self harm or suicide.
Often, this condition is manifested by nonspecific somatic complaints – headaches, dizziness, pain and gastrointestinal problems. Furthermore, it can often come undercover and the patient has to pay all sorts of useless visits to physicians and to be subject to a number of expensive, useless and sometimes painful investigations without discovering a real cause of its suffering.
In particular, young people may show irritability, nervousness and sadness.
The diagnosis of this illness can only be established by a psychiatrist. Since there are so far no specific tests and no blood test certifying the existence of this condition, the diagnosis is based on a clinical procedure, and a specialist can determine the cause and treatment for this disorder.

Possible treatments

Due to the fact that this disorder can have numerous causes, it requires different treatments for each cause. Therefore, the first step is trying to narrow down the possible causes. A complete health checkup is the best course of action, in order to determine if the condition is caused by a physical condition. If that is the case, treating the cause should also treat the symptoms.

When there is no sign of a physical condition that can be causing distress, it is time to look for a psychological reason. Counseling is often recommended in this situation, because it is important for the patient to recognize the problem, to speak freely about it and to determine the possible cause, with the help of the psychotherapy.

Somatic psychology is another type of therapy that has proved to be very efficient in dealing with depression, especially when the condition was caused by a traumatic experience. This alternative therapy is based on the fact that the body, the mind and the spirit are all connected, and by working on one of them, you can heal the others. It is a known fact that psychological problems such as stress and depression can cause physical symptoms like pain or fatigue. As such, it makes sense that a strong physical body can also help heal a wounded spirit or a troubled mind. Somatic psychology uses a wide variety of tools and exercises to psychological disorders. From counseling to yoga or dancing, this therapy aims to help patients have a better understanding and control over their emotions. 

There is no universal cure for depression, but the important thing is to accept it, and be willing to fight it.